Understanding Auditory Processing Disorder

Auditory processing disorder (APD) is a common hearing problem which affects about 5 per cent of elementary school-aged kids. Kids with this disorder, also called central auditory processing disorder (CAPD), cannot process sound like other children do. Although auditory processing disorder is more common in girls than in boys, it affects both sexes equally. It is a difficult disorder to diagnose because it involves the brain’s ability to process sensory information rather than speech. If you or someone you know has APD Adelaide, understanding how it affects your life is essential for getting the treatment you need.

People with APD Adelaide hear sounds when there are no visual clues about sound. For instance, if a person trips on a crack in the sidewalk and hears a noise, he will not automatically reach for his phone or another item that may be nearby to make sense of what is going on. Instead, he will try to understand where the sound is coming from. This is because his brain has difficulty determining where the sound is coming from when there are no noticeable external cues.

People with central auditory processing disorder concentrate on the source of the sound rather than the sound itself. People with APD Adelaide normally have difficulties distinguishing different sources of sound. The disorder causes such problems with hearing that people cannot perform well in a classroom when their classmates speak fast and clearly. They cannot understand what they are hearing because they focus on where the sound is coming from rather than listening to the sound. Because auditory information processing disorder makes it hard to concentrate, auditory processing disorder can also make it difficult to perform other tasks such as reading, writing, and arithmetic. Besides, people with central auditory processing disorder may have trouble following conversations or following directional signs in a car.

Children with auditory processing disorder are diagnosed with ADHD when the problem is detected while they are still young. When children are young, they cannot perform as well in school as their peers, so often they are diagnosed with ADHD as young as three years of age. A diagnosis of ADHD should be made based on a lengthy list of symptoms, including lack of concentration, hyperactivity, distractibility, and impulsiveness. However, a child with ADHD does not necessarily have ADD or ADHD. ADHD can only be confirmed once the doctor has ruled out other conditions that share attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms in a child.

Like other mental health disorders, auditory processing disorder can also be treated using a combination of psychotherapy and medication. Psychotherapy for this disorder will help the person cope with auditory memory problems and gain a sense of focus. Cognitive behavioural therapy teaches patients to change certain behaviours such as their response to social cues, control impulsive and uncontrollable urges, and focus and control their impulses. The auditory memory therapist helps the patient alter the way they process sounds during their daily lives. The auditory memory therapist will teach the patient to use a visual cue such as hand movements to remember what words are being said, carry on conversations, and read music and other sounds.

In addition to psychotherapy, the APD Adelaide patient may need to take medications to make it easier for him or her to focus and to be able to control impulses and their thoughts. These medications’ common side effects include headaches, anxiety, dizziness, nausea, tics, tremors, and dry mouth. These medications are also prescribed for short-term use during the acute treatment period. Medications such as Strattera are used every week for patients who suffer from the inability to stay with one direction for any length of time. A more recently approved drug called Vyvanse is being used for more long-term effects. Vyvanse is taken to improve the patient’s ability to focus but does not increase alertness or reduce irritability.